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Dr. Kees Klein Goldewijk

Climate, Air and Energy
PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
Bezuidenhoutseweg 30
The Hague


Expertise & Interests

Overview / specialty        Historical land use (reconstructions), integrated modelling, climate change
Official PAGES function(s)        LandCover6k - Steering Group Member and ALCC modeling Coordinator (subgroup 8)
PAGES interests        LandCover6k
Topics        Carbon cycle, Human impacts & interactions
Timescales        Anthropocene (last 100 years), Future projection, Holocene, Last millennia
Regions        Global
Archives        Documentary records, Model results, Tree rings
Sector        Academia / Education, Research
Discipline        Historian, Modeling, (Paleo)climatology, (Paleo)ecology



Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Pongratz, J., Manning, A. C., Korsbakken, J. I., Peters, G. P., Canadell, J. G., Jackson, R. B., Boden, T. A., Tans, P. P., Andrews, O. D., Arora, V. K., Bakker, D. C. E., Barbero, L., Becker, M., Betts, R. A., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L. P., Ciais, P., Cosca, C. E., Cross, J., Currie, K., Gasser, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Haverd, V., Houghton, R. A., Hunt, C. W., Hurtt, G., Ilyina, T., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Kautz, M., Keeling, R. F., Klein Goldewijk, K., Körtzinger, A., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lima, I., Lombardozzi, D., Metzl, N., Millero, F., Monteiro, P. M. S., Munro, D. R., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Nakaoka, S.-I., Nojiri, Y., Padín, X. A., Peregon, A., Pfeil, B., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rehder, G., Reimer, J., Rödenbeck, C., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Stocker, B. D., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., van der Werf, G. R., van Heuven, S., Viovy, N., Vuichard, N., Walker, A. P., Watson, A. J., Wiltshire, A. J., Zaehle, S. and Zhu, D. (2018), Global Carbon Budget 2018, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1-54. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1-2018.

Harrison, S.P., B.D. Stocker, K. Klein Goldewijk, J.O. Kaplan and P. Braconot, 2018. Do we need to include anthropogenic land-use and land-cover changes in paleoclimate simulations? PAGES Magazine Vol 26(1).

Klein Goldewijk, K., Beusen, A., Doelman, J., and Stehfest, E.: Anthropogenic land-use estimates for the Holocene; HYDE 3.2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 927-953, 2017. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-1-2017.

Gaillard, M.-J., P. Gonzales, S. Harrison, K. Klein Goldewijk, F. Li, and M. Madella, 2017. Towards global land-cover and land-use reonconstructions over the Holocene, in PAGES Magazine, edited, p. 121, PAGES.

Jungclaus, J. H., Bard, E., Baroni, M., Braconnot, P., Cao, J., Chini, L. P., Egorova, T., Evans, M., González-Rouco, J. F., Goosse, H., Hurtt, G. C., Joos, F., Kaplan, J. O., Khodri, M., Klein Goldewijk, K., Krivova, N., LeGrande, A. N., Lorenz, S. J., Luterbacher, J., Man, W., Maycock, A. C., Meinshausen, M., Moberg, A., Muscheler, R., Nehrbass-Ahles, C., Otto-Bliesner, B. I., Phipps, S. J., Pongratz, J., Rozanov, E., Schmidt, G. A., Schmidt, H., Schmutz, W., Schurer, A., Shapiro, A. I., Sigl, M., Smerdon, J. E., Solanki, S. K., Timmreck, C., Toohey, M., Usoskin, I. G., Wagner, S., Wu, C.-J., Yeo, K. L., Zanchettin, D., Zhang, Q., and Zorita, E. (2017), The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 – Part 3: The last millennium, scientific objective, and experimental design for the PMIP4 past1000 simulations, Geosci. Model Dev., 10(11): 4005-4033. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-4005-2017.
Klein Goldewijk, K., S.C. Dekker and JL van Zanden, 2017. Per-capita estimations of long-term historical land use and the consequences for global change research, Journal of Land Use Science 12(5): 313-337. https://doi.org/10.1080/1747423X.2017.1354938.

Klein Goldewijk, K., M.-J. Gaillard, K. Morrison, M. Madella and N. Whitehouse, 2016. Uncovering the past: multidisciplinary research on historic land cover and land use, PAGES Magazine, Vol 2, p 81.

Pugh, T. A. M., Arneth, A., Olin, S, Ahlström, A., Bayer, A., Klein Goldewijk, K., Lindeskopg, M and Schurgers, G. (2015). Simulated carbon emissions from land-use change are substantially enhanced by accounting for agricultural management, Environmental Research Letters, 10 (12) 124008. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/124008.

Klein Goldewijk, K. and P.H.Verburg, 2013. Uncertainties in global-scale reconstructions of historic land use: An illustration of the HYDE 3.1 data base. Landscape Ecology 28(5): 861-877.

Klein Goldewijk, K., A. Beusen, M. de Vos and G. van Drecht. 2011. The HYDE 3.1 spatially explicit database of human induced land use change over the past 12,000 years, 2011. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20(1): 73-86. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00587.x

Klein Goldewijk, K., A. Beusen, and P. Janssen, 2010. Long term dynamic modeling of global population and built-up area in a spatially explicit way, HYDE 3 .1. The Holocene, 20(4), 565-573. doi:10.1177/0959683609356587.

Klein Goldewijk, K., A.F. Bouwman and G. van Drecht 2007. Mapping contemporary global cropland and grassland distributions on a 5 by 5 minute resolution, Journal of Land Use Science, Vol 2(3): 167-190.

Klein Goldewijk, K. 2005. Three centuries of global population growth: A spatial referenced population density database for 1700 – 2000, Population and Environment, 26 (5): 343-367.

Klein Goldewijk, K. and N. Ramankutty, 2004. Land cover change over the last three centuries due to human activities: the availability of new global data sets, Geojournal 61: 335-344, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.

Klein Goldewijk, K. 2001. Estimating global land use change over the past 300 years: the HYDE database, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15(2): 417- 433.

Klein Goldewijk, K., J.G. van Minnen, G.J.J. Kreileman, M. Vloedbeld and R. Leemans: 1994, Simulating the carbon flux between the terrestrial environment and the atmosphere. Wat. Air Soil Pollut., 76(1 2): 199 230.
Le Quéré, C., Moriarty, R., Andrew, R. M., Peters, G. P., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Jones, S. D., Sitch, S., Tans, P., Arneth, A., Boden, T. A., Bopp, L., Bozec, Y., Canadell, J. G., Chevallier, F., Cosca, C. E., Harris, I., Hoppema, M., Houghton, R. A., House, J. I., Jain, A., Johannessen, T., Kato, E., Keeling, R. F., Kitidis, V., Klein Goldewijk, K., Koven, C., Landa, C. S., Landschützer, P., Lenton, A., Lima, I. D., Marland, G., Mathis, J. T., Metzl, N., Nojiri, Y., Olsen, A., Ono, T., Peters, W., Pfeil, B., Poulter, B., Raupach, M. R., Regnier, P., Rödenbeck, C., Saito, S., Salisbury, J. E., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Segschneider, J., Steinhoff, T., Stocker, B. D., Sutton, A. J., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., van der Werf, G. R., Viovy, N., Wang, Y.-P., Wanninkhof, R., Wiltshire, A., and Zeng, N.(2014). Global carbon budget 2014, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 7, 521-610, doi:10.5194/essdd-7-521-2014.

Dermody, B. J., van Beek, R. P. H., Meeks, E., Klein Goldewijk, K., Scheidel, W., van der Velde, Y., Bierkens, M. F. P., Wassen, M. J., and Dekker, S. C. (2014) A virtual water network of the Roman world, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 6561-6597, doi:10.5194/hessd-11-6561-2014.

Le Quéré, C., Peters, G. P., Andres, R. J., Andrew, R. M., Boden, T. A., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Houghton, R. A., Marland, G., Moriarty, R., Sitch, S., Tans, P., Arneth, A., Arvanitis, A., Bakker, D. C. E., Bopp, L., Canadell, J. G., Chini, L. P., Doney, S. C., Harper, A., Harris, I., House, J. I., Jain, A. K., Jones, S. D., Kato, E., Keeling, R. F., Klein Goldewijk, K., Körtzinger, A., Koven, C., Lefèvre, N., Maignan, F., Omar, A., Ono, T., Park, G.-H., Pfeil, B., Poulter, B., Raupach, M. R., Regnier, P., Rödenbeck, C., Saito, S., Schwinger, J., Segschneider, J., Stocker, B. D., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., van Heuven, S., Viovy, N., Wanninkhof, R., Wiltshire, A., and Zaehle, S. (2014) Global carbon budget 2013, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6(1): 235-263, doi:10.5194/essd-6-235-2014.

Bouwman, A. F., Klein Goldewijk, K., van der Hoek, K. W., Beusen, A. H. W., Van Vuuren, D. P., Willems, J. & Rufinod, M. C. (2013). Livestock and Global Change Special Feature: Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900–2050 period, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). DOI 10.1073/pnas.1012878108.

Ellis, E.C., J.O. Kaplan, D.Q. Fuller, S. Vavrus, K. Klein Goldewijk and P.H. Verburg (2013). Used Planet: A Global History, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) 110(20), 7978-7985. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1217241110.

C. Le Quéré, R. J. Andres, T. Boden, T. Conway, R. A. Houghton, J. I. House, G. Marland, G. P. Peters, G. R. van der Werf, A. Ahlström, R. M. Andrew, L. Bopp, J. G. Canadell, P. Ciais, S. C. Doney, C. Enright, P. Friedlingstein, C. Huntingford, A. K. Jain, C. Jourdain, E. Kato, R. F. Keeling, K. Klein Goldewijk, S. Levis, P. Levy, M. Lomas, B. Poulter, M. R. Raupach, J. Schwinger, S. Sitch, B. D. Stocker, N. Viovy, S. Zaehle, and N. Zeng (2013), The global carbon budget 1959 – 2011. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 165-185.

Schulp, C.J.E., R. Alkemade, K. Klein Goldewijk and K. Petz, 2012. Mapping and modelling ecosystem functions and services in Eastern Europe, International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services and Management, 8(12): 156-168. DOI:10.1080/21513732.2011.645880.

Pielke, R. A., Pitman, A., Niyogi, D., Mahmood, R., McAlpine, C., Hossain, F., Klein Goldewijk, K., Nair, U., Betts, R., Fall, S., Reichstein, M., Kabat, P. and de Noblet, N., 2011, Land use/land cover changes and climate: modeling analysis and observational evidence. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 2(6): 828-850. doi: 10.1002/wcc.144

van Vuuren, D.P., E. Stehfest, M.G.J. den Elzen, T. Kram, J. van Vliet, S. Deetman, M. Isaac, K. Klein Goldewijk, A. Hof, A. Mendoza Beltran, R. Oostenrijk, B. van Ruijven, 2011. RCP2.6: a pathway to explore the possibilities to keep global global mean temperature increase below 2°C, Climatic Change, DOI 10.1007/s10584-011-0152-3.

Hurtt, G. C., Chini, L. P., Frolking, S., Betts, R., Feddema, J. J., Fischer, G., Hibbard, K. A., Janetos, A. C., Jones, C., Klein Goldewijk, K., Kindermann, G., Kinoshita, T., Riahi, K., Shevliakova, E., Smith, S., Stehfest, E., Thomson, A., Thornton, P., van Vuuren, D. & Wang, Y. P., 2011. Harmonization of land-use scenarios for the period 1500-2100: 600 years of global gridded annual land-use transitions, wood harvest, and resulting secondary lands. Climatic Change.109(1): 117-161. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0153-2.

Kaplan, J.O., Krumhardt, K.M., Ellis, E.C., Ruddiman, W.F., Lemmen, C., & Klein Goldewijk, K. 2011. Holocene carbon emissions as a result of anthropogenic land cover change. The Holocene 21(4): 775-791, doi: 10.1177/0959683610386983.

Ellis, E., D. Lightman, K. Klein Goldewijk and N. Ramankutty, 2010, Anthropogenic transformation of the biomes, 1700 to 2000, Global Ecolology and Biogeography 19(5): 589-606. Doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00540.x

van Minnen, J.G., K. Klein Goldewijk, E. Stehfest, B. Eickhout, G. van Drecht, R. Leemans, 2009. The importance of three centuries of land-use change for the global and regional terrestrial carbon cycle, Climatic Change 97(1): 123-144. Doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9596-0

Houweling, S., G. van der Werf, K. Klein Goldewijk, T. Rockmann and I. Aben. 2008. Early anthropogenic emissions of and the variation of CH4 and 13CH4 over the last millennium. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol 22, GB1002, Doi:10.1029/2007GB002961

Betts, R.A., P.D. Falloon, K. Klein Goldewijk and N. Ramankutty, 2006. Biogeophysical effects of land use on climate: model simulations of radiative forcing and large-scale temperature change. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Vol 142, issue 2-4, pp 216-233..

Garston, K., T.M. Blackburn and K. Klein Goldewijk, 2003. Habitat conversion and global avian biodiversity loss, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, Biol Sci. 270(1521):1293-1300. The Royal Society, London.

Aardenne, J. van, J.F. Dentener, J.G.J. Olivier, C.G.M. Klein Goldewijk and J. Lelieveld , 2001, A 1o x 1o resolution dataset of historical anthropogenic trace gas emissions for the period 1890 - 1990. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15(4): 909-928.

van Minnen, J., K. Klein Goldewijk and R. Leemans: 1995, The importance of feedback processes and vegetation transition in the terrestrial carbon cycle. Journal of Biogeography 22: 805-814.