high, Pacific, native, Strom

Core/Site name:

Strait of Juan de Fuca

Country/Region:

Northeast Pacific Ocean, Protection Island

Elevation:

-8 to -20

Archive:

bivalves

Species:

Panopea abrupta (geoduck)

Proxy measurement:

growth ring index

Sampling resolution:

annual

Climate sensitivity:

sea surface temperature, food density (productivity)

Dating resolution:

absolute

Startyear:

1877 AD

Endyear:

1998 AD

Description:

Strait of Juan de Fuca Geoduck Clam Growth Data. To better understand North Pacific climate variability at interannual to interdecadal scales, we have developed a new tool for paleoenvironmental reconstruction. We show that growth rings in long-lived geoduck clams (Panopea abrupta) can provide high quality, annually resolved records of sea-surface temperature (SST). We used shell samples from the Strait of Juan de Fuca, in Washington State, to extend the coastal SST record back to 1877. The spatial correlation pattern between the growth index and gridded SSTs bears a strong resemblance to the leading pattern of interdecadal global SST variations and underscores the remarkable long-distance coherence evident among coastal SST records in the northeast Pacific. Our results also indicate that the 1990s was the warmest decade in this region since at least the 1850s

Data entered by name:

Kohfeld, Karen E.

Data entered by email:

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Main reference(s):

Strom, A., R. C. Francis, N. J. Mantua, E. L. Miles, and D. L. Peterson (2004), North Pacific climate recorded in growth rings of geoduck clams: A new tool for paleoenvironmental reconstruction, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L06206, doi:10.1029/2004GL019440.

Link to reference 1:

http://www.agu.org/journals/gl/gl0406/2004GL019440/

Data storage link 1:

ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/contributions_by_author/strom2004/strom2004.txt

Current dating method:

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Annual snow acc rate:

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Category: Ocean2k