low Pacific reconstructed Herbert2010

Core/Site name:





marine sediments (downcore)

Proxy measurement:

SST alkenones

Sampling resolution:



2155.910 ka BP


5.044 ka BP


Determining the timing and amplitude of tropical sea surface temperature (SST) change is an important part of solving the puzzle of the Plio-Pleistocene ice ages. Alkenone-based tropical SST records from the major ocean basins show coherent glacial- interglacial temperature changes of 1° to 3°C that align with (but slightly lead) global changes in ice volume and deep ocean temperature over the past 3.5 million years. Tropical temperatures became tightly coupled with benthic d18O and orbital forcing after 2.7 million years. We interpret the similarity of tropical SST changes, in dynamically dissimilar regions, to reflect "top-down"" forcing through the atmosphere. The inception of a strong carbon dioxide-greenhouse gas feedback and amplification of orbital forcing at ~2.7 million years ago connected the fate of Northern Hemisphere ice sheets with global ocean temperatures since that time."

Data entered by name:

Martrat, Belen

Data entered by email:

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Main reference(s):

Herbert, T. D., Peterson, L. C., Lawrence, K. T. & Liu, Z. Tropical Ocean Temperatures Over the Past 3.5 Million Years. Science 328, 1530-1534, doi:10.1126/science.1185435 (2010).Lang, N. & Wolff, E. W. Interglacial and glacial variability from the last 800 ka in marine, ice and terrestrial archives. Clim. Past 7, 361-380, doi:10.5194/cp-7-361-2011 (2011).

Link to reference 1:


Link to reference 2:


Data storage link 1:


Data storage link 2:



woa09t_an0: 26.853001 ºC

Current dating method:

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Annual snow acc rate:

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Category: PIGS