Past abrupt changes, tipping points and cascading impacts in the Earth system
Brovkin V, Brook E, Williams JW, Bathiany S, Lenton TM, Barton M, DeConto RM, Donges JF, Ganoposki A, McManus J, Praetorius S, de Vernal A, Abe-Ouchi A, Cheng H, Claussen M, Crucifix M, Gallopin G, Iglesias V, Kaufman D, Kleinen T, Lambert F, van der Leeuw S, Liddy H, Loutre M-F, McGee D, Rehfeld K, Rhodes R, Seddon A, Trauth M, Vanderveken L& Yu Z
This paper is an outcome of the workshop “Abrupt changes, thresholds, and tipping points in Earth history and future implications” held in Hamburg, Germany, in November 2018. The workshop was officially endorsed by PAGES and AIMES, both Global Research Projects of Future Earth. PAGES Executive Director Marie-France Loutre is also a co-author.