Fig. 1: Global Monsoon domains. Color shading shows the annual range of precipitation (summer minus winter normalized to annual mean). Black lines outline the Global monsoon precipitation domain, defined by an annual range greater than 2 mm/day and 70% of the annual mean precipitation. Red (Blue) line indicates the ITCZ position in Jan-Feb (July-August), estimated from the maximum precipitation rate (figure from Wang and Ding 2008).