Predicting the future of coastal marine ecosystems in the rapidly changing Arctic: The potential of palaeoenvironmental records
Early this year Heikkilä M, Ribeiro S, Weckström K and Pieńkowski AJ produced a paper on the Arctic coastal zone. The Arctic coastal zone is expected to undergo considerable change in the near future associated with rising sea levels, retreating sea ice, accelerated melt of terrestrial ice and the disappearance of permafrost. Paleo archives, records and proxies can provide a long-term perspective to these future environmental changes. Here Heikkila et al provide an overview of the current state of the coastal Arctic, review current scientific methods and approaches, identifies gaps and weaknesses, and identify future research priorities in the fields of paleoecology and paleoceanography.
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