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PAGES Magazine

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Publications
Author
Eds: Fischer H, Fritz S, Evans MN & Eggleston S
PAGES Magazine
2021
Past Global Changes Magazine

This issue of Past Global Changes Magazine celebrates the 30th anniversary of the PAGES project. Since its formation in 1991, PAGES has been at the forefront of paleoscience research. Here we present both a retrospective look at the past 30 years, and also look to the future in the special section led by the PAGES Early-Career Network.

Individual Articles

 > Front Cover
 > Contents
 > News

Editorial

 > For she's a jolly good fellow: Happy Birthday, PAGES! [p.3]
Hubertus Fischer, S. Fritz and M.N. Evans

Science Highlights

 > A 30-year multi-proxy reconstruction of PAGES' history [p.4-6]
Thorsten Kiefer and Marie-France Loutre

 > Past Global Changes: 30 years of paleoscience to help save the planet [p.7-9]
Hubertus Fischer, S. Fritz and A. Mix

 > Looking forward [p.10-12]
Michael N. Evans, W. Tinner, Z. Jian, B. Vannière, S. Eggleston and M.-F. Loutre

 > SynTRACE-21: Synthesis of Transient Climate Evolution of the last 21,000 years [p.13-15]
Zhengyu Liu, B.L. Otto-Bliesner, P.U. Clark, J. Lynch-Stieglitz and J.M. Russell

 > Global climate goes regional, and vice versa: Reflecting on 14 years of the PAGES 2k Network [p.16-17]
Nerilie Abram, D. Kaufman, H. McGregor, B. Martrat, O. Bothe and H. Linderholm

 > PALSEA: 13 years of ice-sheet and sea-level science [p.18-20]
Alessio Rovere and Andrea Dutton

 > Fabulous interglacials: A timeline of the PIGS and QUIGS working groups [p.21-23]
Chronis Tzedakis, L. Menviel, E. Capron, B.L. Otto-Bliesner, J.F. McManus, D. Raynaud and E. Wolff

 > Fire history of an inhabited Earth: Experiences from the PAGES Global Paleofire Working Group [p.24-26]
Boris Vannière, D. Colombaroli and M.J. Power

 > Obituary: Govind Ballabh Pant (1945–2020) [p.27]
Rupa Kumar Kolli

 > Memories ... [p.28-29]
Anne-Christine Clottu Vogel, S. Colman, M.-F. Loutre, M.N. Evans, H. Wanner, P. Francus, T. Meloth, L. von Gunten and A. Maldonado Castro

 > Former co-chairs reminisce about their tenure [p.30-32]
Bob Wasson, T. Pedersen, J. Brigham-Grette, H. Wanner, H. Fischer and S. Fritz
 

Special section: The future of past global change research

 

Editorial

 > Highlighting the future of past global change research [p.33]
Stella J. Alexandroff, A. Bonk, M.J. Mette and T. Trofimova

Science Highlights

 > Pliocene sea level revisited: Is there more than meets the eye? [p.34-35]
Georgia R. Grant and Tim R. Naish

 > Exploring novel ice-core proxies for paleoclimate reconstruction in the sub-Antarctic [p.36-37]
Amy C.F. King and Dieter R. Tetzner

 > Long-term peatland dynamics and effects of peatland-mediated feedbacks on the climate system [p.38-39]
Nitin Chaudhary

 > The enigma and complexity of landscape dynamics in Chinese deserts: From case studies to big data [p.40-41]
Peng Liang, H. Li, Y. Zhou, X. Fu, L. Mackenzie and D. Zhang

 > Human activities disturb lake sediment records of past flood frequencies [p.42-43]
William Rapuc, P. Sabatier and F. Arnaud

 > Climate and environmental changes in the Mt. Kenya region [p.44-45]
Christine A. Omuombo

 > A window into the Anthropocene through lake-sediment records in central Chile [p.46-47]
Magdalena Fuentealba, C. Latorre, M. Frugone-Álvarez, P. Sarricolea and B. Valero-Garcés

 > Archives of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation: A coral point of view [p.48-49]
Allison E. Lawman, J.W. Partin and S.G. Dee

 > Data-based evaluation of paleoclimate records from the terrestrial Indian region: Opportunities and gaps [p.50-51]
Nikita Kaushal, Y. Kulkarni, P. Srivastava, S. Rawat and S. Managave

 > An approach to collaboration through horizon scanning in the field of sclerochronology [p.52-53]
Madelyn J. Mette, T. Trofimova, S.J. Alexandroff and E. Tray

Program News

 > DiverseK – Integrating diverse knowledge systems for environmental policy [p.54]
 > Exploring past human impacts over time and space [p.55]

Workshop Reports

 > Glacial terminations: Processes and feedbacks [p.56]
 > PMIP2020 Conference [p.57]
 > Virtual Past Socio-Environmental Systems: An interdisciplinary ECR workshop [p.58]

Opinion

 > Towards increased interoperability of paleoenvironmental observation data [p.59] 

Publications
Author
Eds: Camenisch C, White S, Pei Q, Huhtamaa H & Eggleston S
PAGES Magazine
2020
Past Global Changes Magazine

Historical climatology is the interdisciplinary research field that reconstructs past climates and weather and their societal impacts on the basis of written and physical records produced by people. This issue of Past Global Changes Magazine presents papers on the current state of research in several world regions, as well as on new methods and the analysis of new sources in the field. It is a product of the PAGES Climate Reconstruction and Impacts from the Archives of Societies (CRIAS) working group.

Access individual html and pdf articles further below.

The full magazine is available in the following formats:

> High resolution pdf (16.2 MB)
> Low resolution pdf (4.0 MB)
> Access an interactive PDF via the online publication platform Issuu

Note: The figures in this magazine can be used freely, provided they are properly cited and the authors also agree. Original source data used in the figure should also be mentioned in the caption. Click on the figure in the HTML to access a high-res version.


Individual Articles

> Front Cover
> Contents
> News

Editorial

> Editorial: Recent results and new perspectives in historical climatology: An overview [p.35]
Chantal Camenisch, S. White, Q. Pei and H. Huhtamaa

Science Highlights

> Recent developments of historical climatology in Central, Eastern, and Southern Europe [p.36-37]
Andrea Kiss, R. Brázdil, M. Barriendos, C. Camenisch and S. Enzi

> Historical climatology in Western and Northern Europe: State-of-the-art, typical documentary data and methods [p.38-39]
Chantal Camenisch, H. Huhtamaa, N. Maughan and C. Rohr

> Archives of societies and historical climatology in East and Southeast Asia [p.40-41]
Fiona Williamson and Qing Pei

> Historical climatology in Africa: A state of the art [p.42-43]
David J. Nash and Matthew J. Hannaford

> Attribution of historical societal impacts and adaptations to climate and extreme events: Integrating quantitative and qualitative perspectives [p.44-45]
Sam White and Qing Pei

> Flood hazard assessment from alluvial sediments: Data from sedimentology to place names [p.46-47]
Antony G. Brown, B. Pears, P. Toms, J. Carroll, J. Wood and R. Jones

> Surprising eastern perspectives: Historical climatology and Rus'ian narrative sources [p.48-49]
Adrian Jusupović and Martin Bauch

> Combining the archives of nature and society: Tree rings and tithes [p.50-51]
Heli Huhtamaa, S. Helama, L. Leijonhufvud and F. Charpentier Ljungqvist

> Winter freeze-up and summer break-up in Nunatsiavut, Canada, from 1770 to 1910 [p.52-53]
Marie-Michèle Ouellet-Bernier and Anne de Vernal

> Arab Islamic historical documents as a climatological source in the Maghreb [p.54-55]
Yassin Meklach

> The potential of written sources for a historical climatology of the Middle East during the Mamluk era [p.56-57]
Undine Ott

> A preliminary global inventory of historical documentary evidence related to climate since the 14th century [p.58-59]
Angela-Maria Burgdorf

Program News

> SISAL achievements and future initiatives [p.60]
> Climate Variability Across Scales (CVAS): Phase Two [p.61]
> The International Paleofire Network (IPN) [p.62]
> The DEEPICE research and training network [p.63]
> Early-career researchers' perceptions of PAGES working groups [p.64]
> PAGES ECN develops activity clusters: A new structure to support global networking [p.65]
> PAGES 2k Network community survey [p.66]

Workshop Report

> Paleo sea-level science is advancing through Earth- and ice-process insights, but key questions linger [p.67]

 

Publications
Author
Eds: Cheddadi R, Báez S, Normand S, Payne D, Taberlet P & Eggleston S
PAGES Magazine
2020
Past Global Changes Magazine

Conservation policies for preserving biodiversity under ongoing climate change require historical data and hindcasting models to better understand modern processes and more accurately predict potential future changes. This PAGES magazine issue is multidisciplinary and aims to highlight possible contributions of paleodata to conservation initiatives, as these data contain a wealth of information about past climate changes in terms of trends, abruptness, and velocity, and on plants' diversity down to their infraspecific level.

Access individual html and pdf articles further below.

The full magazine is available in the following formats:

> High resolution pdf (14.5 MB)
> Low resolution pdf (3.0 MB)
> Access an interactive PDF via the online publication platform Issuu

Note: The figures in this magazine can be used freely, provided they are properly cited and the authors also agree. Original source data used in the figure should also be mentioned in the caption. Click on the figure in the HTML to access a high-res version.


Individual Articles

> Front Cover
> Contents
> News

Editorial

> Editorial: Past plant diversity changes and future conservation issues [p.3]
Rachid Cheddadi, S. Báez, S. Normand, D. Payne and P. Taberlet

Science Highlights

> Past and future contexts for climate and water-cycle variability, and consequences for the biosphere [p.4-5]
Pascale Braconnot and Françoise Vimeux

> How the Asian subtropical area became evergreen since the Last Glacial Maximum [p.6-7]
Zhuo Zheng, K. Huang, Q. Wan and R. Cheddadi

> Past climate changes and the role of refugia in the temperate Northern Hemisphere [p.8-9]
Rachid Cheddadi and Keith D. Bennett

> Next generation sequencing, phylogeography, and paleoecology [p.10-11]
Gentile F. Ficetola and Pierre Taberlet

> Survival and spread of arctic plants in response to climate change: DNA-based evidence [p.12-13]
Inger G. Alsos, M.E. Edwards and C.L. Clarke

> Ancient DNA from lakes: Insights into plant response to past climate changes [p.14-15]
Laura Parducci

> Modeling past plant species' distributions in mountainous areas: A way to improve our knowledge of future climate change impacts? [p.16-17]
Louis François and Alain Hambuckers

> Past changes in species diversity: A view from the mountains [p.18-19]
Davnah Payne, C. Hoorn, C. Randin and S.G.A. Flantua

> Using paleoecology to inform restoration and conservation of endangered heathlands [p.20-21]
Cherié J. Dirk and Lindsey Gillson

> Mountain science poised to help ecotourism in Peruvian cloud forests [p.22-23]
Fausto O. Sarmiento, M.B. Bush, W. Church, P. VanValkenburgh, M. Oliva, E. Delgado, S. Fernandez and N. Rojas

> Columbus' footprint: Land-use change before and after European incursion in Hispaniola [p.24-25]
Alvaro Castilla-Beltrán, H. Hooghiemstra, M.L.P. Hoogland, J. Pagán-Jiménez, B. van Geel, M.H. Field, M. Prins, T. Donders, E. Herrera Malatesta, J. Ulloa Hung, C.H. McMichael, W.D. Gosling and C.L. Hofman

Workshop Reports

> Relaunching the African Pollen Database: Abrupt change in climate and ecosystems [p.26]
> Exploiting the SISALv2 database for evaluating climate processes [p.27]
> Is the El Niño-Southern Oscillation changing? Lessons from the past [p.28]
> Tropical ocean hydroclimate and temperature from coral archives [p.29]
> Integrating documentary evidence into climate reconstruction and impact studies [p.30]
> Floods in a warmer world: Insights from paleohydrology [p.31]

Publications
Author
Eds: Gottschalk J, Zhang X, Burke A & Eggleston S
PAGES Magazine
2019
Past Global Changes Magazine

This issue of Past Global Changes Magazine highlights the paleoceanographic proxies and Earth system modeling studies used to reconstruct and understand changes in these processes over a range of climate states, from the Last Glacial Maximum 20,000 years ago to the warm climates of the early Cenozoic more than 55 million years ago, and the recent progress and ongoing challenges in reconstructing these changes, with an aim to inspire further research in these fields. It is a contribution to the PAGES OC3 working group.

Access individual html and pdf articles further below.

The full magazine is available in the following formats:

> High resolution pdf (21 MB)
> Low resolution pdf (6.7 MB)
> Access an interactive PDF via the online publication platform Issuu

Note: The figures in this magazine can be used freely, provided they are properly cited and the authors also agree. Original source data used in the figure should also be mentioned in the caption. Click on the figure in the HTML to access a high-res version.


Individual Articles

> Front Cover
> Contents
> News

Editorial

> Editorial: Old problems and new challenges in understanding past ocean circulation and carbon-cycle changes [p.47]
Julia Gottschalk, X. Zhang and A. Burke

Science Highlights

> Benthic foraminiferal stable carbon isotope constraints on deglacial ocean circulation and carbon-cycle changes [p.48-49]
Carlye Peterson, G. Gebbie, L.E. Lisiecki, J. Lynch-Stieglitz, D. Oppo, J. Muglia, J. Repschläger and A. Schmittner

> Millennial to centennial changes in deep-ocean ventilation during the last deglaciation [p.50-51]
Tianyu Chen and Laura F. Robinson

> Ice-age storage of respired carbon in the Pacific Ocean [p.52-53]
Allison W. Jacobel, R.F. Anderson, B.A.A. Hoogakker and S.L. Jaccard

> Revealing past ocean circulation with neodymium isotopes [p.54-55]
Patrick Blaser, M. Frank and T. van de Flierdt

> Pa/Th as a (paleo)circulation tracer: A North Atlantic perspective [p.56-57]
Laura F. Robinson, G.M. Henderson, H.C. Ng and J.F. McManus

> Boron in CaCO3 as a record of past seawater carbonate chemistry [p.58-59]
Michael J. Henehan and Hana Jurikova

> The deglacial rise in atmospheric CO2: A (not so) simple balance equation [p.60-61]
Katrin J. Meissner and Laurie Menviel

> Data constraints on ocean-carbon cycle feedbacks at the mid-Pleistocene transition [p.62-63]
Jesse R. Farmer, S.L. Goldstein, L.L. Haynes, B. Hönisch, J. Kim, L. Pena, M. Jaume-Seguí and M. Yehudai

> Modeling perspectives on the mid-Pleistocene transition [p.64-65]
Matteo Willeit and Andrey Ganopolski

> Long eccentricity cycles in oceanic carbon reservoir [p.66-67]
Pinxian Wang and Jun Tian

> The influence of circulation change on sedimentary records of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum [p.68-69]
Donald E. Penman and Sandra Kirtland Turner

Program News

> Arctic Cryosphere Change and Coastal Marine Ecosystems working group [p.70]
> Cycles of Sea-Ice Dynamics in the Earth System working group [p.71]
> Understanding long-term human-climate-ecosystem interactions for sustainability [p.72]
> Climate Reconstruction and Impacts from the Archives of Societies working group [p.73]

Workshop Reports

> Mapping past land use in Europe for climate modeling [p.74]
> Holocene land cover and land use in South and Southeast Asia for climate modeling [p.75]
> 4th Summer School on Speleothem Science (S4) [p.76]
> Peatland ecosystem services during the Anthropocene and beyond [p.77]
> Human paleobiogeography and the synchrony of social-ecological systems on Earth [p.78]
> European Association of Archaeologists 25 years: Beyond paradigms [p.79]
> Climatic and hydrological extremes: Linking the instrumental period of the last decades with the more distant past [p.80]
> Understanding volcanic impacts through time [p.81]
> How hot was the Holocene? [p.82]
> Past climate changes and human adaptation [p.83]
> Warm extremes: Marine Isotope Stage 5e and its relevance for the future [p.84]
> Big data: Challenges and solutions of archiving over 130,000 years of sea-level change [p.85]
> Understanding glacial-interglacial changes in Southern Ocean sea ice [p.86]
> Under the Southern Cross: 13th International Conference on Paleoceanography [p.87]
> Toward community resources for paleoclimate data assimilation, reanalysis, and proxy system modeling [p.88]
> Climatic modes of variability over the Holocene: Model-data synergies to improve future projections [p.89]
> Paleoscience Symposium: Paleoclimates and Paleoenvironments [p.90]
> Demystifying the grant writing process for early-career paleoscientists [p.91]

Publications
Author
Eds: Barlow NLM, Milne GA, Shakun JD & Eggleston S
PAGES Magazine
2019
Past Global Changes Magazine

This issue of Past Global Changes Magazine, “Paleo Constraints on Sea-Level Rise”, highlights scientific advances made over the last decade of the PALSEA working group, as well as identifies new challenges for the sea-level, ice-sheet, and broader paleo communities. The included articles summarize our current understanding of sea-level and ice-sheet changes during past warm periods and the application of this knowledge to infer future sea-level hazard.

Access individual html and pdf articles further below.

The full magazine is available in the following formats:

> High resolution pdf (28.6 MB)
> Low resolution pdf (6.5 MB)
> Access an interactive PDF via the online publication platform Issuu

Note: The figures in this magazine can be used freely, provided they are properly cited and the authors also agree. Original source data used in the figure should also be mentioned in the caption. Click on the figure in the HTML to access a high-res version.


Individual Articles

> Front Cover
> Contents
> News

Editorial

> A decade of PALSEA: Advances and future aims [p.3]
Natasha L.M. Barlow, G.A. Milne and J.D. Shakun

Science Highlights

> Peak sea level during the warm Pliocene: Errors, limitations, and constraints [p.4-5]
Kenneth G. Miller, M.E. Raymo, J.V. Browning, Y. Rosenthal and J.D. Wright

> What do we know about Last Interglacial sea level? [p.6-7]
Andrea Dutton and Natasha L.M. Barlow

> Late Holocene sea level [p.8-9]
Robert L. Barnett, A.C. Kemp and W.R. Gehrels

> Sea-level databases [p.10-11]
Nicole S. Khan, F. Hibbert and A. Rovere

> Interglacial ice extents of the Greenland ice sheet [p.12-13]
Anders E. Carlson and Nicolaj K. Larsen

> On recovering Last Interglacial changes in the Antarctic ice sheet [p.14-15]
Louise C. Sime, A.E. Carlson and M. Holloway

> Advances in glacial isostatic adjustment modeling [p.16-17]
Glenn A. Milne, D. Al-Attar, P.L. Whitehouse, O. Crawford and R. Love

> The importance of dynamic topography for understanding past sea-level changes [p.18-19]
Jacqueline Austermann and Alessandro M. Forte

> Paleo ice-sheet modeling to constrain past sea level [p.20-21]
Bas de Boer, F. Colleoni, N.R. Golledge and R.M. DeConto

> Arctic warming and the Greenland ice sheet during the Last Interglacial [p.22-23]
Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, M. Lofverstrom, P. Bakker and R. Feng

> The importance of sediment in sea-level change [p.24-25]
Ken L. Ferrier, W. van der Wal, G.A. Ruetenik and P. Stocchi

> Storms and extreme events: Insights from the historical and paleo record [p.26-27]
Simon E. Engelhart, J.E. Pilarczyk and A. Rovere

> Geological records of past sea-level changes as constraints for future projections [p.28-29]
Benjamin P. Horton, R.E. Kopp, A. Dutton and T.A. Shaw

Workshop Reports

> Climate variability in Antarctica and the Southern Hemisphere over the past 2000 years [p.30]
> Understanding past changes in sea ice in the Southern Ocean [p.31]
> Impacts of sea-level rise from past to present: iSLR18 [p.32]
> Climate, ice sheets and sea level during past interglacial periods [p.33]
> Abrupt changes, thresholds, and tipping points in Earth's history and future implications [p.34]
> Trace element and isotope proxies in paleoceanography: Starting a new synergic effort around marine geochemical proxies [p.35]
> Past plant diversity changes and mountain tree species conservation [p.36]
> Archaeology that counts: International colloqium on digital archaeology [p.37]
> Co-designed paleo experiments on land-cover and land-use change impacts [p.38]
> Global soils and sediment transfers in the Anthropocene: Database meeting [p.39]
> Analyses of the SISAL database: Regional patterns in isotope signatures [p.40]
> A joint effort to bring together global, regional modeling and proxy communities [p.41]
> Methods and interdisciplinary communication in historical climatology [p.42]

Obituary

> Bruno Messerli (1931-2019) [p.43]

Publications
Author
Eds: Williams JW, Newton AJ, Kaufman DS & von Gunten L
PAGES Magazine
2018
Past Global Changes Magazine

This issue of Past Global Changes Magazine "Building and Harnessing Open Paleodata" showcases the ongoing growth of a rich variety of openly available, globally distributed paleodata. It highlights new scientific, software, funding, and outreach initiatives that harness these open-data resources. Open-data systems are fueling new scientific frontiers, empowering early-career scientists, and enabling the intelligent reuse of data, while encouraging the stewardship of valued data assets. The ultimate goal is to power the next generation of scientists and scientific discovery with an open architecture of scientific data as complex, deep, and interlinked as the Earth system itself.

Access individual html and pdf articles further below.

The full magazine is available in the following formats:

> High resolution pdf (35.9 MB)
> Low resolution pdf (3.9 MB)
> Access an interactive PDF via the online publication platform Issuu

Note: The figures in this magazine can be used freely, provided they are properly cited and the authors also agree. Original source data used in the figure should also be mentioned in the caption. Click on the figure in the HTML to access a high-res version.


Individual Articles

> Front Cover
> Contents
> News

SSC Editorial

> New data-availability procedures echo PAGES’ long-standing commitment [p.48]
PAGES Scientific Steering Committee

Editorial

> Building and harnessing open paleodata [p.49]
John W. Williams, D.S. Kaufman, A. Newton and L. von Gunten

Science Highlights

> Building open data: Data stewards and community-curated data resources [p.50-51]
John W. Williams, D.S. Kaufman, A. Newton and L. von Gunten

> Open data and the publishing landscape [p.52-53]
Alicia J. Newton

> Open-data practices and challenges among early-career paleo-researchers [p.54-55]
Alexander Koch, K.C. Glover, B. Zambri, E.K. Thomas, X. Benito and J.Z. Yang

> A funder's approach to more open data and better data management [p.56-57]
Belmont Forum e-Infrastructures & Data Management Project

> New advances at NOAA’s World Data Service for Paleoclimatology – Promoting the FAIR principles [p.58]
Wendy Gross, C. Morrill and E. Wahl

> PANGAEA - Data publisher for Earth & environmental sciences [p.59]
Michael Diepenbroek

> Lessons learned from 25 years of PMIP model-data distribution [p.60-61]
Jean-Yves Peterschmitt, P. Braconnot and M. Kageyama

> LinkedEarth: supporting paleoclimate data standards and crowd curation [p.62-63]
Julien Emile-Geay, D. Khider, N.P. McKay, Y. Gil, D. Garijo and V. Ratnakar

> Constituent databases and data stewards in the Neotoma Paleoecology Database: History, growth, and new directions [p.64-65]
Eric C. Grimm, J.L. Blois, T. Giesecke, R.W. Graham, A.J. Smit and J.W. Williams

> Wrangling data from short Antarctic ice cores [p.66-67]
Barbara Stenni and Elizabeth R. Thomas

> Paleodata for and from archaeology [p.68-69]
Timothy A. Kohler, P.I. Buckland, K.W. Kintigh, R.K. Bocinsky, A. Brin et al.

> Automated extraction of spatiotemporal geoscientific data from the literature using GeoDeepDive [p.70]
Jeremiah Marsicek, S. Goring, S. Marcott, S. Meyers, S. Peters, I. Ross et al.

> Linked Paleo Data: A resource for open, reproducible, and efficient paleoclimatology [p.71]
Nicholas P. McKay and Julien Emile-Geay

> CSciBox: Artificial intelligence for age-depth modeling [p.72]
Elizabeth Bradley, T.H. Nelson and L. Rassbach de Vesine

> Accelerating progress in proxy-model synthesis using open standards [p.73]
Gregory Hakim, S. Dee, J. Emile-Geay, N. McKay and K. Rehfeld

> Outreach and educational opportunities created by open-data resources [p.74-75]
Amy Myrbo, S. Loeffler, A.L.C. Shinneman and R. McEwan

> Forecasting long-term ecological dynamics using open paleodata [p.76]
Jason S. McLachlan and the PalEON Project

> Open-access data is uncovering past responses of biodiversity to global environmental change [p.77]
Damien A. Fordham and David Nogues-Bravo

> EarthLife Consortium: Supporting digital paleobiology [p.78-79]
Mark D. Uhen, S. Goring, J. Jenkins and J.W. Williams

Program News

> Advice for early-career researchers: A summary from the AMQUA/CANQUA student mixer [p.80-81]
> Quaternary studies in Africa: a perspective from early-career researchers [p.82]

Workshop Reports

> The African Quaternary: environments, ecology and humans [p.83]
> Continental archives of Past Global Changes: from Quaternary to Anthropocene [p.84]
> An integrated proxy and simulation data initiative for the Holocene and the last deglaciation [p.85]
> Identifying data gaps and potential synergies in forest dynamics research [p.86]
> Assessing the links between resilience, disturbance and functional traits in paleoecological datasets [p.87]
> African fire histories and fire ecologies [p.88]
> DiverseK: integrating paleoecology, traditional knowledge and stakeholders [p.89]
> European land-use at 6000 BP: from on-site data to the large-scale view [p.90]
> New research directions for the PAGES C-PEAT working group [p.91]
> The role of dust in climate change: A biogeochemistry perspective [p.92]
> Ocean circulation and carbon cycling during the last deglaciation: global synthesis [p.93]
> Increasing social complexity, climate change, and why societies might fail to cope [p.94]
> Holocene abrupt climatic events and the environmental effects [p.95]

Publications
Author
Eds: Gaillard-Lemdahl M-J, Whitehouse N, Madella M, Morrison K & von Gunten L
PAGES Magazine
2018
Past Global Changes Magazine

This issue of Past Global Changes Magazine "Past Land Use and Land Cover" emphasizes the need for appropriate reconstructions of past land-use and land-cover change to study the effect of past anthropogenic land-cover change on climate (the land-use forcing) using Earth System Models. It also highlights how land-use and land-cover change over past millennia can be reconstructed at local to regional and continental scales using the results of archaeological studies combined with model-based quantification of past plant cover from fossil pollen data. The magazine is a product of PAGES' LandCover6k working group.

Access individual html and pdf articles further below.

The full magazine is available in the following formats:

> High resolution pdf (44.4 MB)
> Low resolution pdf (4.1 MB)
> Access an interactive PDF via the online publication platform Issuu

Note: The figures in this magazine can be used freely, provided they are properly cited and the authors also agree. Original source data used in the figure should also be mentioned in the caption. Click on the figure in the HTML to access a high-res version.


Individual Articles

> Front Cover
> Contents
> News

Editorial

> Past land-use and land-cover change: the challenge of quantification at the subcontinental to global scales [p.3]
Marie-José Gaillard, K.D. Morrison, M. Madella and N. Whitehouse

Science Highlights

> Do we need to include anthropogenic land-use and land-cover changes in paleoclimate simulations? [p.4-5]
Sandy P. Harrison, B.D. Stocker, K. Klein Goldewijk, J.O. Kaplan and P. Braconnot

> Contrasting CO2 emissions from different Holocene land-use reconstructions: Does the carbon budget add up? [p.6-7]
Benjamin D. Stocker, Z. Yu and F. Joos

> Global-scale comparisons of human land use: developing shared terminology for land-use practices for global change [p.8-9]
Kathleen D. Morrison, E. Hammer, L. Popova, M. Madella, N. Whitehouse, M-J Gaillard and LandCover6k Land-Use Group Members

> European forest cover since the start of Neolithic agriculture: a critical comparison of pollen-based reconstructions [p.10-11]
Jessie Woodbridge, R.M. Fyfe, C.N. Roberts, A.K. Trondman, F. Mazier and B. Davis

> Modeling past human-induced vegetation change is a challenge – the case of Europe [p.12-13]
Laurent Marquer, A. Dallmeyer, A. Poska, J. Pongratz, B. Smith and M.-J. Gaillard

> Mapping pre-Columbian land use in Amazonia [p.14-15]
Umberto Lombardo, C. McMichael, E. Kazuo Tamanaha and workshops participants

> Joining the dots of land-use and land-cover change in Eastern Africa [p.16-17]
Oliver Boles, C. Courtney-Mustaphi, S. Richer and R. Marchant

> Towards a global history of agricultural systems [p.18-19]
Mats Widgren

> The unexpected land use: rain-fed agriculture in drylands [p.20-21]
Stefano Biagetti, C. Lancelotti, A. Zerboni, D. Usai and M. Madella

> Simulating vegetation in ancient Japan using HUMPOL: A pollen-based multi-scenario modeling approach [p.22-23]
Lauren Bell, E. Crema, M.J. Bunting and M. Madella

> Prehistoric land-cover and land-use history in Ireland at 6000 BP [p.24-25]
Nicki J. Whitehouse, M. J. Bunting, M. McClatchie, P. Barratt, R. McLaughlin, R. Schulting and A. Bogaard

> The AgriChange project: an integrated on-site approach to agricultural and land-use change during the Neolithic in Western Europe [p.26-27]
Ferran Antolín, S. Häberle, A. Jesus, H. Martínez-Grau, G. Prats, M. Schäfer and B.L. Steiner

> Comparing and modeling the spread of early farming across Europe [p.28-29]
Marc Vander Linden and Fabio Silva

> Using archaeology for population estimates and land use reconstructions: a perspective from Central Europe [p.30-31]
Jan Kolář, M. Macek and P. Szabó

> What do pollen-based quantitative reconstructions of plant cover tell us about past anthropogenic deforestation in Eastern China? [p.32-33]
Furong Li, X. Cao, U. Herzschuh, X. Jia, S. Sugita, P.E. Tarasov, M. Wagner, Q. Xu, F. Chen, A. Sun and M.-J. Gaillard

> Finding the magnitude of human-induced Northern Hemisphere land-cover transformation between 6 and 0.2 ka BP [p.34-35]
Andria Dawson , X. Cao, M. Chaput, E. Hopla, F. Li, M. Edwards, R. Fyfe, K. Gajewski, S.J. Goring, U. Herzschuh, F. Mazier, S. Sugita, J.W. Williams, Q. Xu and M.-J. Gaillard

Program News

> The PAGES Early-Career Network [p.36]

Workshop Reports

> Phasing of ice-sheet and sea-level responses to past climate change [p.37]
> Understanding and modeling space-time Holocene climate variability [p.38]
> Enhancing global monsoon research in ocean drilling [p.39]
> Paleofire knowledge for current and future ecosystem management [p.40]
> Understanding the roles of fuels, climate and people in predicting fire: taking the long view [p.41]
> Climate change in Africa: Evidence, mechanisms and impacts - Past and present [p.42]
> Decades of quaternary research in Eastern Africa: Implications for sustainable future [p.43]

 

Publications
Author
Eds: Crucifix M, de vernal A, Franzke C & von Gunten L
PAGES Magazine
2017
Past Global Changes Magazine

This issue of Past Global Changes Magazine “Centennial to Millennial Climate Variability" shows how recent progress in our knowledge of past climates led us to revisit our ideas about the spectrum of natural climate variability. Contributions highlight the concept of scaling laws, but also warn about pitfalls of paleoclimate timeseries analysis. It is a product of PAGES' Climate Variability Across Scales (CVAS) working group.

Access individual html and pdf articles further below.

The full magazine is available in the following formats:

> High resolution pdf (26.7 MB)
> Low resolution pdf (4.9 MB)
> Access an interactive PDF via the online publication platform Issuu

Note: The figures in this magazine can be used freely, provided they are properly cited and the authors also agree. Original source data used in the figure should also be mentioned in the caption. Click on the figure in the HTML to access a high-res version.


Individual Articles

> Front Cover
> Contents
> News

Editorial

> Centennial climate change: The unknown variability zone [p.133]
Michel Crucifix, A. de Vernal and C. Franzke

Science Highlights

> Why is scaling important? [p.134-135]
Christian L.E. Franzke and Naiming Yuan

> How scaling fluctuation analysis transforms our view of the climate [p.136-137]
Shaun Lovejoy

> Scaling of global temperatures explained by linear energy balance models [p.138-139]
Kristoffer Rypdal and Hege-Beate Fredriksen

> Inferring past climate variations from proxies: Separating climate and non-climate variability [p.140-141]
Thomas Laepple, T. Münch and A.M. Dolman

> Temporal scales and signal modeling in dendroclimatology [p.142-143]
Joël Guiot

> Variability of Arctic sea-ice cover at decadal to millennial scales: the proxy records [p.144-145]
Anne de Vernal

> On the limits of climate reconstruction from water stable isotopes in polar ice cores [p.146-147]
Mathieu Casado, A. J. Orsi and A. Landais

> Centennial to millennial-scale sea-level change during the Holocene and Last Interglacial periods [p.148-149]
Robert E. Kopp, A. Dutton and A.E. Carlson

> Basic mechanisms of centennial climate variability [p.150-151]
Henk A. Dijkstra and Anna S. von der Heydt

> On the importance of centennial variability for ice ages [p.152-153]
Peter Ditlevsen and Michel Crucifix

Workshop Reports

> Regional carbon isotope syntheses from the last deglaciation [p.154]
> Interglacials of the 41 ka-world and the Mid-Pleistocene Transition [p.155]
> From caves to climate: Creating the SISAL global speleothem database [p.156]
> Speleothem isotope records for climate model evaluation [p.157]
> Aquatic transitions in Southeast Asia and Oceania [p.158]
> TropPEAT Workshop on low-latitude peat-forming ecosystems [p.159]
> PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 [p.160]
> The Pollen-Climate Methods Inter-comparison Project [p.161]
> Climate dynamics with the Last Millennium Reanalysis [p.162]
> Paleo-event data standards for dendrochronology [p.163]
> Climate Change: The Karst Record (KR8) conference [p.164]
> The Role of Environment in the Socio-Cultural Changes of the Ancient Silk Road Area [p.165]
 

 

Publications
Author
Eds: Gillson L, Gell P & von Gunten L
PAGES Magazine
2017
Past Global Changes Magazine

This issue of Past Global Changes Magazine “Sustaining Earth’s Biodiversity” highlights how the study of long-term ecosystem change can provide critical insights into the resilience of ecosystems, the restoration of disturbance regimes and the prediction of future responses to changing climate and disturbance.

Access individual html and pdf articles further below.

The full magazine is available in the following formats:

> High resolution pdf (60.2 MB)
> Low resolution pdf (6.2 MB)
> Access an interactive PDF via the online publication platform Issuu

Note: The figures in this magazine can be used freely, provided they are properly cited and the authors also agree. Original source data used in the figure should also be mentioned in the caption. Click on the figure in the HTML to access a high-res version.


Individual Articles

> Front Cover
> Contents
> News

Editorial

> Sustaining Earth’s biodiversity [p.77]
Peter Gell and Lindsey Gillson

Science Highlights

> Paleo records as a guide for ecosystem management and biodiversity conservation [p.78-79]
Daniele Colombaroli, C. Whitlock, W. Tinner and M. Conedera

> Entangled ecosystem-people-animal interactions: perspectives from the East African savannas [p.80-81]
Rob Marchant, C.C. Mustaphi and E. Githumbi

> Paleoecology as a guide to landscape conservation and restoration in the neotropical Gran Sabana [p.82-83]
Valentí Rull, T. Vegas-Vilarrúbia and E. Montoya

> Legacies of Pre-Columbian land use on Latin American ecosystem composition and diversity: A case for paleoecology [p.84-85]
Bronwen S. Whitney and Macarena L. Cárdenas

> Using Paleoecology to understand natural ecological character in Ramsar wetlands [p.86-87]
Peter A. Gell

> The importance of paleoecology in the conservation and restoration of cultural landscapes [p.88-89]
Anneli Ekblom and Lindsey Gillson

> Geogenomics – integrating geology and phylogenetics to unravel the evolutionary history of Earth and its biota [p.90-91]
Sherilyn C. Fritz and Paul A. Baker

> Integrating paleoecology and phylogeography reveals congruent bioclimatic regions in the Brazilian Atlantic forest [p.92-93]
Marie-Pierre Ledru, A.C. Carnaval, C.Y. Miyaki and "AF Biota" project participants

> What do we mean by regime shift? Distinguishing between extrinsic and intrinsic forcing in paleoecological data [p.94-95]
Alistair W.R. Seddon

> The big data revolution and paleoecology [p.96-97]
Sandy P. Harrison

Mini Section: PAGES' Young Scientists Meeting 2017

> Reports from PAGES' Young Scientists Meeting 2017 [p.98]
> Early-career paleoscientists meet in the mountains of Aragon [p.99]
> Science communication methods and strategies for paleoscientists [p.100]
> Communicating the relevance of paleo research in the current societal environment [p.101]
> Is it important to create a PAGES early-career scientists working group? What should be its remit? [p.102]
> No professorship: There is a normal, non-scary life outside academia [p.103]
> What should the research questions and priorities in paleoscience be for the next ten years? [p.104]
> Strategies in highlighting paleo research [p.105]
> Insight about funding, communication and data sharing for early-career scientists [p.106]
> The PAGES Football Cup 2017 [p.107]

Workshop Reports

> Global Challenges for our Common Future: a Paleoscience Perspective [p.108]
> Integrated initiative on extreme events and risk assessment [p.109]
> Understanding the climate of the past 2000 years: Phase 3 of the PAGES 2k Network [p.110]
> Assessing hydroclimate patterns of the past 2000 years with paleo-δ18O and δD records [p.111]
> Summer temperature and drought co-variability [p.112]
> Overcoming reductionism when linking climate variability with human history [p.113]
> Central and Eastern Europe paleoscience symposium: From local to global [p.114]
> Natural and human-driven fire regime and land-cover changes in Central and Eastern Europe [p.115]
> Lessons learnt from paleoscience on a possible 1.5–2°C warmer world in the future [p.116]
> Towards a marine synthesis of late Pliocene climate variability [p.117]
> Spatial pattern and temporal evolution of glacial terminations of the last 800 ka [p.118]
> Proxy system modeling and data assimilation in paleosciences [p.119]
> Measuring resistance, recovery and resilience in long-term ecological datasets [p.120]
> Towards global land-cover and land-use reconstructions over the Holocene [p.121]
> Pollen-based reconstructions of past land-cover change in Latin America [p.122]
> Past land-cover change for climate modeling: data from Eastern Asia [p.123]
> Paleolimnological puzzles, databases and aquatic transitions [p.124]
> A global soil and sediment transfers database for the Anthropocene [p.125]
> Effort to enhance paleoclimatic research in South Asia [p.126]
> Coevolution of climate, demography and food systems in North and South America [p.127]
> Scales and scaling in past climate data [p.128]

Program News

> Speleothem synthesis and analysis working group [p.129]

 

 

Publications
Author
Eds: Kushnir Y, Cassou C, St George S, Caltabiano N & von Gunten L
PAGES Magazine
2017
Past Global Changes Magazine

This joint issue of CLIVAR Exchanges and Past Global Changes Magazine aims to review ongoing research on Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability, and address the progress made in understanding and resolving issues on this topic. It is an output from the CLIVAR-ICTP Workshop on Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenge and Opportunity held in Trieste, Italy in 2015.

Access individual html and pdf articles further below.

The full magazine is available in the following formats:

> High resolution pdf (22.4 MB)
> Low resolution pdf (3.7 MB)
> Access an interactive PDF via the online publication platform Issuu

Note: The figures in this magazine can be used freely provided they are properly cited and the authors also agree. Original source data used in the figure should also be mentioned in the caption.


Individual Articles

 > Front Cover

> Contents

Editorial

> Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability [p.1]
Yochanan Kushnir, Christophe Cassou and Scott St George

Science Highlights

> An overview of decadal-scale sea surface temperature variability in the observational record [p.2-6]
Clara Deser and Adam Phillips

> Global impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability during the boreal winter [p.7-13]
Yohan Ruprich-Robert and Rym Msadek

> Arctic sea ice seasonal-to-decadal variability and long-term change [p.14-19]
Dirk Notz

> Decadal climate variability and the global energy balance [p.20-24]
Richard P. Allan

> Toward predicting volcanically-forced decadal climate variability [p.25-31]
Davide Zanchettin, Francesco SR Pausata, Myriam Khodri, Claudia Timmreck, Hans Graf, et al.

> Towards the prediction of multi-year to decadal climate variability in the Southern Hemisphere [p.32-40]
Scott Power, Ramiro Saurral, Christine Chung, Rob Colman, Viatcheslav Kharin, et al.

> Initialization Shock in CCSM4 Decadal Prediction Experiments [p.41-46]
Haiyan Teng, Gerald A. Meehl, Grant Branstator, Stephen Yeager and Alicia Karspeck

> Internal and forced decadal variability: lessons from the past millennium [p.47-51]
Hugues Goosse, François Klein, Didier Swingedouw and Pablo Ortega

> Abrupt Northward Shift of SPCZ position in the late-1920s Indicates Coordinated Atlantic and Pacific ITCZ Change [p.52-56]
Braddock K Linsley, Robert B Dunbar, Donna Lee, Neil Tangri and Emilie Dassié

> Summer North Atlantic Oscillation (SNAO) variability on decadal to palaeoclimate time scales [p.57-60]
Hans W Linderholm and Chris K Folland

> A last millennium perspective on North Atlantic variability: exploiting synergies between models and proxy data [p.61-67]
Pablo Ortega, Jon Robson, Paola Moffa-Sanchez, David Thornalley and Didier Swingedouw

> Reconciling disparate views on decadal climate variability from proxies and models [p.68-70]
Toby R Ault

> The third phase of the PAGES 2k Network [p.71-74]
PAGES 2k Coordinators